Pedalium murex L.

 
  • Family : PEDALIACEAE
    (PEDALIUM or SESAME FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Pedaliaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Pedalium murex L.
  • Common name : Teeth dropping Plant, Large caltrops, Bara Gokhuru
  • Vernacular name : Bara gokhru, Kadva gokkru (Hindi); Aane-neggilu (Kannada); Yanainerunji (Tamil); Yenuga palleru, Pedda palleru, Mullagadakaya chettu, Yenugumullu (Telugu); Badogo ekuro, Gokara, Gokshura (Oria); Sthulagokshurah (Sanskrit); Aananjerinjil, Aanayiruthimullu, Kakkamullu, Kattunjerinjil (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Moist places in wastelands
  • Comments / notes : Locals report that the roots when chewed are known to cause teeth-drop.
  • Flower, Fruit : April-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Nuapada district, Puri district, Khurda district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Tropical Africa, Sri Lanka, India, Pakistan
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Pedalium murex. Downloaded on 20 November 2019.

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