Argemone mexicana L.

 
  • Family : PAPAVERACEAE
    (POPPY FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Papaveraceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Argemone mexicana L.
  • Common name : Broad-leaved Sorel, Prickly Poppy, Mexican Poppy, Yellow mexican poppy
  • Vernacular name : Satyanasini (Hindi); Arashina dhatura, Dhaturigida (Kannada); Pirama thandu, Virumalakachi, Brammadhandu (Tamil); Brahma dandi, Kusuma pala, Yerrikusuma (Telugu); Agara, Agora, Kanta kusum, Dengebejari, Sarpuni, Udasmari, Laphar phul, Udisamari, Nippania (Oria); Pivala-dhotra (Marathi); Bhramadanthi, Erumakalli, Kandankathiri, Malayeruma, Ponnummam, Ponnumattu, Swanasheeri, Virumenchedi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Comments / notes : Common in waste places and in agriculture fields as a weed. Fresh root is an antidote for scorpion bites. Yellow latex of the plant is applied as an antiseptic. Seed oil is used for lighting. Consumption of the oil is injurious for health and may cause Jaundice (Orissa flora vol 1)
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chamarajanagar district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Angul district, Balasore district, Bargarh district, Bolangir district, Boudh district, Cuttack district, Deogarh district, Dhenkanal district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Kalhandi district, Kandhamal district, Kendrapara district, Keonjhar district, Khurda district, Koraput district, Malkangiri district, Mayurbhanj district, Puri district, Rayagada district,Sambalpur district, Sundergarh district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dindigul district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Karur district, Krishnagiri district, Madurai district, Namakkal district, Pudukkottai district, Sivaganga district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Vellore district
  • Native : West Indies, Mexico
  • World Distribution : Now naturalized in the tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Argemone mexicana. Downloaded on 22 October 2019.

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