Annona muricata L.

 
  • Family : ANNONACEAE
    (Custard-Apple Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : SITAPHAL FAMILY (सीताफल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : ANNONACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Annona muricata L.
  • Common name : Soursop, Guanabana, Graviola, Prickly Custard Apple
  • Vernacular name : Hanuman Phal (Hindi); Hanumana Phala (Kannada); Cancer chekka, Mullanjakka, Mulluathi (Malayalam); Mansphal (Marathi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated widely in Tropics. Leaf extract used as anti-cancer medicine
  • Flower, Fruit : April-October
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Cultivated
    • Tamil Nadu : Cultivated
  • Native : Tropical America
  • World Distribution : India, Central America, West Indies
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Annona muricata. Downloaded on 21 October 2020.

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