Spondias pinnata (L.f.) Kurz

 
  • Family : ANACARDIACEAE
    (CASHEW or MANGO or SUMAC FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Anacardiaceae
  • Basionym : Mangifera pinnata L.f.
  • Synonym(s) : Spondias mangifera Willd.; Spondias acuminata Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Spondias pinnata (L. f.) Kurz
  • Common name : Indian Hog-Plum, Wild Mango, Hog plum
  • Vernacular name : Amra, Jangli Aam (Hindi); Ambate, Amte kai mara (Kannada); Mampulichai, Kattumaavu, Kattuma, Mambulichi (Tamil); Adavimaamidi, Touramaamidi, Konda mamidi (Telugu); Ambada, Ambota, Amta (Oria); Aamrataka (Sanskrit); Ambazham, Kattambazham, Mampuli, Pithanam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous- and semi-evergreen forests, also in plains
  • Comments / notes : Rare in northern Easten Ghats (West Godavari); Fruit pickled
  • Key identification features : Large tree; bark smooth, grey; fruits fleshy, yellow when ripe
  • Flower, Fruit : January-June
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy, Arun Singh, Navendu Page & K. Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 25/03/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0651
  • Collection Locality : Kolli Hills Ghat road, Namkkal district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kadapa district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Indo-Malaysia, Java, Philippines
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar 2015. Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of Northern Andhra Pradesh, India. JoTT 7 (8): 7443-7459; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Spondias pinnata. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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