Strombosia ceylanica Gardner

 
  • Family : OPILIACEA
    (Olax Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : DHENIANI FAMILY
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : OLACACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Lavallea ceylanica (Gardner) Baill.
  • Vernacular name : Kalkadambu, Kalmanikkam (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Distributed in climax evergreen forests of Western Ghats
  • Key identification features : Branches whorled, horizontal and pendulous. Bark greyish; leaves oblong-lanceolate, shining, rounded at apex. Flowers small, greenish-white. Fruit purplish-green.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-April
  • Collection Nos : KFP 7604, KFP 14120, BSI 97318
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Pune district, Ratnagiri district, Sindhudurg district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Southwest India
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Rare (R)
  • Literature : Saldanha, C. J. 1996. Flora of Karnataka vol. 2; N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharashtra vol 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Strombosia ceylanica. Downloaded on 6 June 2020.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

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