Solenocarpus indica Wight & Arn.

 
  • Family : ANACARDIACEAE
    (CASHEW or MANGO or SUMAC FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Anacardiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Solenocarpus indica Wight & Arn.
  • Vernacular name : Kattambazham, Molagarisi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : According to Saldanha, Solenocarpus indica Wight. & Arn. is as synonym of Spondias indica (Wight & Arn.) Airy Shaw & Forman, but Plant List says it is an unresolved name without any synonyms. Evergreen forests, sometimes among rock formations
  • Key identification features : A small deciduous tree with smooth, grey-green bark; Branchlets glabrous; Leaves compound, glabrous, clustered at branch tips; Flowers bisexual, white, scented in terminal panicles; Fruit a small, oblong, drupe bearing one seed.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-May
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Kodagu (Coorg) district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Southern Western Ghats
  • Conservation Status : Vulnerable (VU)
  • Literature : Sharma B.D, 1984 - Flora of Karnataka Analysis; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Solenocarpus indica. Downloaded on 20 June 2019.

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