Ximenia americana L.

 
  • Family : OLACACEAE
    (OLAX FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Olacaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ximenia americana L.
  • Common name : False Sandalwood
  • Vernacular name : Nagari gida (Kannada); Chiru-illanthai (Tamil)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Banks of rivers
  • Comments / notes : Common in dry deciduous and open forests of Eastern Ghats. An interesting account of the haustorial root-parasitism was reported in X.americana (C.A.Barber, 1907)
  • Key identification features : Large thorny shrub in dry forests; fruits bright orange scarlet, edible
  • Flower, Fruit : January-July
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Guntur district, East Godavari district, Prakasam district, Kurnool district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district
    • Maharashtra : Jalgaon district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Tiruvannamalai district, Vellore district, Dharmapuri district, Coimbatore district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Africa, Myanmar, Indo-China, Thailand, Hainan, Malesia, N.Australia, Pacific Islands
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ximenia americana. Downloaded on 22 September 2019.

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