Syzygium travancoricum Gamble

  • Family : MYRTACEAE
    (Myrtle Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : JAMUN FAMILY (जामुन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MYRTACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Syzygium travancoricum Gamble
  • Vernacular name : Poriyal, Vathamkollimaram (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen and mangrove forests
  • Comments / notes : Often in swampy places.
  • Key identification features : Tall evergreen trees with older ones buttressed at the base. Young branchlets 4-angled; in the saplings the angles are winged. Trees growing along water bodies have floating water roots, an adaptation to swampy habitat. Flowers occur in the axils of leaves in corymbose cymes of 5-8 cm long. They are very small, only 3 mm across.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-June
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Alappuzha district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Southwest India
  • Conservation Status : Critically Endangered (CR)
  • Literature : Ramachandra T.V, et al- Discovery of Two Critically Endangered Tree Species and Issues Related to Relic Forests of the Western Ghats, The Open Conservation Biology Journal, 2008, 2, 1-8.; Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1918: 240 1918.; Krishnakumar et al, 2006- J.Econ. Taxon. Bot. Vol.30. No.4; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. travancoricum. Downloaded on 17 October 2021.

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