Semecarpus anacardium L.f.

 
  • Family : ANACARDIACEAE
    (CASHEW or MANGO or SUMAC FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Anacardiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Common name : Indian Marking Nut Tree, Oriental Cashew Nut, Dhobi Nut Tree
  • Vernacular name : Bhelwa, Bhelva (Hindi); Kari geru (Kannada); Nallajidi, Bhallatiki, Chakalijidi (Telugu); Bhalia, Balia (Oria); Bhalataka (Sanskrit); Bibba (Marathi); Alakkucheru, Cherkuru, Cheru, Cherumaram, Perkuru, Sambiri, Temprakku, Thenkotta (Malayalam); Cheran kottai, Shen kottai, Sheru, Thembarai (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous and semi-Evergreen forests on hills to 1000 m
  • Comments / notes : Common in deciduous forests
  • Key identification features : Medium sized tree; drupes black, obliquely oblong, seated on a triangular orange-coloured fleshy receptacle
  • Flower, Fruit : July-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, East Godavari district, Kurnool district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Dindigul district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, The Nilgiri district, Tiruvannamalai district, Dharmapuri district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
  • World Distribution : Himalayas, India, Malayan Archipelago, Singapur, Australia, Africa, Indo-Malaysia, China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sankar,R.V., R. Kottaimuthu & K. Ravikumar (2009). Additions to the flora of Sirumalai Hills, Eastern Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(7): 379-381.; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar 2015. Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of Northern Andhra Pradesh, India. JoTT 7 (8): 7443-7459; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Semecarpus anacardium. Downloaded on 17 August 2019.

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