Syzygium laetum (Ham.) Gandhi

 
  • Family : MYRTACEAE
    (Myrtle Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : JAMUN FAMILY (जामुन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : MYRTACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Syzygium laetum (Buch.-Ham.) Gandhi
  • Common name : Madle
  • Vernacular name : Dev Jambhul (Hindi); Kollinjaval, Kattuchamba, Manjachamba (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Distinguished from Syzygium hemisphericum based on number of secondary nerves (6-8 in Syzygium laetum and 8-10 in Syzygium hemisphericum); found at elevations of about 200-1250 m.
  • Key identification features : A small evergreen tree with slender terete drooping branches. Leaves are opposite, lanceolate and acuminate. Flowers occur in drooping, terminal, corymbose cymes. Flowers are with many scarlet red or white projecting stamens. Fruits 2-3 cm., ellipsoid, reddish-brown. Bark is brown and minutely scaly.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-July
  • Collection Nos : KFP 12580, CJS 12945, CJS 15813
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Saldanha, C. J. 1996. Flora of Karnataka vol. 2; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Syzygium laetum. Downloaded on 27 September 2020.

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