Syzygium gardneri Thwaites

 
  • Family : MYRTACEAE
    (Myrtle Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : JAMUN FAMILY (जामुन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MYRTACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Eugenia gardneri (Thwaites) Bedd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Syzygium gardneri Thwaites
  • Vernacular name : Bilitirupa (Kannada); Ayiri, Anaayiri, Aattunjaval, Karinjaval, Karinyaral, Kattayiri, Kattunjara, Kattunjaval, Tholnjaval (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Common in evergreen forests from Bhimasankar to Kanyakumari; elevation 150-1400 m.
  • Key identification features : Glabrous tree with white bark, leaves caudate. Young leaves pink, flowers white, fruit purple, edible.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-June
  • Collection Nos : HFP 2717, CJS 13048
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Pune district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanyakumari district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Saldanha, C. J. 1996. Flora of Karnataka vol. 2; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Syzygium gardneri. Downloaded on 28 October 2021.

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