Holigarna grahamii (Wight) Kurz

    (Cashew Or Mango Or Sumac Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AAM FAMILY (आम फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : ANACARDIACEAE
  • Basionym : Semecarpus grahamii Wight
  • Synonym(s) : Holigarna wightii N.P.Balakr.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Holigarna grahamii (Wight) Kurz
  • Vernacular name : Bipti, Balwuli, Cheru, Nai-cheru, Vellacheru (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : At elevations 200-850 m.
  • Key identification features : A large-sized evergreen tree growing up to 16 m tall with tomentose young branches. Leaves simple and large with obovate-elliptic lamina up to 40 cm long and 18 cm broad, acuminate at apex, tomentose beneath, with about 22-30 pairs of main nerves. Petiole is up to 4 cm long usually with 2 pairs of spurs. Inflorescence is a panicle with brown pubescence. Flowers are polygamous. Calyx toothed and accrescent. Petals are white and united below and hairy within. Male flowers with 5 stamens and obscure disk. Ovary is inferior with 3 styles and capitate stigma. Fruit is a drupe.
  • Flower, Fruit : October-May
  • Collection Nos : KFP 5384, CJS 12844
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Belagavi district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Pune district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanyakumari district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Flora of Hassan district, Karnataka; Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Holigarna grahamii. Downloaded on 26 June 2022.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.