Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner

 
  • Family : MORACEAE
    (Mulberry Or Fig Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ANJEER FAMILY (अंजीर फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MORACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Ficus gibbosa var. cuspidifera (Miq.) King; Ficus gibbosa var. parasitica (J. Koenig ex Willd.) King.; Ficus tinctoria subsp. parasitica (Willd.) Corner; Ficus gibbosa Blume var. parasitica (Koenig ex Willd.) King; Ficus parasitica Koenig ex Willd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa (Blume) Corner
  • Vernacular name : Gudumitte mara (Kannada); Itthi, Kallathi, Kallithi (Malayalam); Kalatthi (Tamil); Kortosani, Jirang, Jhori, Jhirang (Oria); Koda juvvi, Tella-barimika, Pakki (Telugu)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous and semi-Evergreen forests, also in the plains
  • Key identification features : Climbing bushy shrub or small free-standing tree up to 8 m tall, hemi-epiphytic, embracing the trunks of host plants forming network of branches or creeping along old walls, wells and rocks. Aerial roots absent or few; dioecious. Fig globose-subglobose or pyriform, appears in pairs, solitary or umbellate fascicles, grren turning to yellow to orange when ripe.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chikkamagaluru district, Chitradurga district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Kolar district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, China and Sri Lanka, Timor, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; J. V Sudhakar , N. Chandramohan Reddy and G. V. S. Murthy (2017). Figs of Eastern Ghats, India. Pragati Offset Pvt. Ltd., Hyderabad. pp.89.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ficus tinctoria subsp. gibbosa. Downloaded on 19 October 2021.

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