Ficus semicordata Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.

 
  • Family : MORACEAE
    (Mulberry Or Fig Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ANJEER FAMILY (अंजीर फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MORACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Ficus cunia Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.; Ficus conglomerata Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ficus semicordata Buch.-Ham. ex Sm.
  • Vernacular name : Bhuidumri, Potkuli, Karsal, Purhai, Godima, Podia, Dumri (Oria); Khewnau, Khurkur, Khain, Khenan, Jahrphali (Hindi); Bomma marri, Bomma matti, Erubodda (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : Common near streams and cool damp places
  • Key identification features : Medium size tree, arial roots. Bark reddish brown. Leaves very distinctive semi-sagittate, one side with a large 3-4 ribbed lobe and the other cuniate with a small 1-2 ribbed lobe. Figs shortly peduncled in pairs on leafless branchlets.
  • Flower, Fruit : November-June
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, Chittoor district, Kadapa district, East Godavari district, Guntur district, Krishna district, Kurnool district, Nellore district, Prakasam district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, Vizianagaram district, West Godavari district
    • Telangana : Nalgonda district, Khammam district, Mehboobnagar district
    • Odisha : All districts
  • World Distribution : India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ficus semicordata. Downloaded on 17 October 2021.

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