Ficus racemosa L.

 
  • Family : MORACEAE
    (Mulberry Or Fig Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ANJEER FAMILY (अंजीर फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MORACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Ficus glomerata Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ficus racemosa L.
  • Common name : Cluster Fig, Country Fig, Gular Fig
  • Vernacular name : Gular, Umar (Hindi); Atthimara (Kannada); Udumbarah, Sadaphalah (Sanskrit); Umber (Marathi); Atthi, Atthi-al, Jantuphalam, Udumbaram (Malayalam); Dimiri, Dumiri (Oria); Atti, Bodda, Paidi, Udumbaramu (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen and deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : On plains to 1500m.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All disricts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, China to New Guinea, Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 –Flora of Hassan District; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District; Seetharam et al., 2000- Flora of Gulbarga District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ficus racemosa. Downloaded on 28 October 2021.

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