Ficus microcarpa L.f.

 
  • Family : MORACEAE
    (Mulberry Or Fig Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ANJEER FAMILY (अंजीर फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MORACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Ficus retusa auct. non L
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ficus microcarpa L.f.
  • Common name : Laurel Fig, Chinese banyan, Indian Laurel
  • Vernacular name : Kiru goli (Kannada); Kal Ichi (Tamil); Ithi, Ithiyal, Kallithi (Malayalam); Jida (Oria); Juvvi, Konda juvvi, yerra juvvi, (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills above 300m associated with rocks.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-May
  • Collector(s) Name : K.Sankara Rao, Arun Singh R, Siddarth & Raja K.Swamy; K. Sankara Rao, Arun Singh & Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 26-10-2014; 19-11-2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0100; HJCB-0163
  • Collection Locality : Way to Talakona, Chittoor district (AP); Palamaneru forest range, Chittoor district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Chikkamagaluru district, Chitradurga district, Hassan district, Kolar district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : Throughout Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, China, Ryukyu Islands to New Britain
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara ; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ficus microcarpa. Downloaded on 19 October 2021.

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