Holigarna arnottiana J. Hooker

    (Cashew Or Mango Or Sumac Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AAM FAMILY (आम फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : ANACARDIACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Holigarna arnottiana Hook.f.
  • Common name : Jungle Marking nut
  • Vernacular name : Sanna holegare (Kannada); Chera, Cheru, Charu, Kattuchera, Karinchru (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen and Evergreen forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : At elevations 400-1200 m.
  • Key identification features : A large tree of evergreen and Semi-evergreen forests in low altitude forests. Leaves are simple, obovate, or oblanceolate, up to 10 cm long, leathery with a pair of deciduous spurs on the petiole; main nerves are 16-20 pairs. Inflorescence is a panicle with a pale golden brown tomentum. Fruit is an elliposoidal drupe, pedicelled, almost entirely included in the torus.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-July
  • Collection Nos : KFP 5128, KFP 5326
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Pune district
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Southern Western Ghats
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Navendu Page (2017). Endemic woody plants of the Western Ghats.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Holigarna arnottiana. Downloaded on 7 December 2021.

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