Ficus carica L.

  • Family : MORACEAE
    (Mulberry Or Fig Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ANJEER FAMILY (अंजीर फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MORACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Ficus caprificus Risso
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ficus carica L.
  • Common name : Common Edible Fig, Edible Fig, Fig Tree
  • Vernacular name : Simaiyatti (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated
  • Key identification features : Shrub or small tree up to 6 m tall, dioecious, not epiphytic;aerial roots absent. Leaves scabrous above, tomentose to subtomentose beneath. Figs pyriform to subglobose, 2.5cm-6cm in diametre, solitary, axillary from existing or fallen leaves. Fig varies in colour in different stages, changing from yellow-purple to dark reddish-purple.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Native : Mediterranean region
  • World Distribution : Asia, Australia, East Medetterranean, North Africa, South Europe and USA
  • Literature : Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1987). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 2; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District. J.V Sudhakar, N. Chandramohan Reddy, G.V.S Murthy (2017). Figs of Eastern Ghats, India. pp.108-110.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. carica. Downloaded on 19 October 2021.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at