Ficus benghalensis L.

 
  • Family : MORACEAE
    (Mulberry Or Fig Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ANJEER FAMILY (अंजीर फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MORACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Ficus indica L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ficus benghalensis L.
  • Common name : Banyan Tree
  • Vernacular name : Bat, Bargad (Hindi); Aladamara, Goli mara (Kannada); Aalamaram (Tamil); Vata (Sanskrit); Wad (Marathi); Alamaram, Peraal, Aal, Nyagrodham, Vadavriksham (Malayalam); Baro (Oria); Vargaf, Bargat (Hindi); Marvi, Pedda marri (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Often on plains to 1000m. Planted as sacred tree. Stem deeply rooted and buttressed
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • World Distribution : India, Sub Himalayan tracks, Sri Lanka, Pakistan
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore district; Seetharam et al., 2000 – Flora of Gulbarga district; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi district; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Ficus benghalensis. Downloaded on 17 October 2021.

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