Buchanania axillaris (Desr.) Ramamoorthy

    (Cashew Or Mango Or Sumac Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : AAM FAMILY (आम फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : ANACARDIACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Buchanania axillaris (Desr.) Ramamoorthy
  • Common name : Cuddapah Almond
  • Vernacular name : Yemme murukalu gida, Maradi mara (Kannada); Kattuma, Kolamaavu, Mudamaa, Sara paruppu, Kola-mavu, Kattuma, Mudama (Tamil); Malamavu (Malayalam); Sarapappu, Chara (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills of deciduous, evergreen forests up to 1000m. The nuts are esteemed rosted and eaten
  • Key identification features : Bark rough deeply fissured, black-brown. Gals freequent on leaves. Drupes obliquely-ovoid, compressed
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : Kottayam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district, Salem district, Vellore district, Tiruchirapalli district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar 2015. Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of Northern Andhra Pradesh, India. JoTT 7 (8): 7443-7459; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Buchanania axillaris. Downloaded on 28 November 2021.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.