Buchanania axillaris (Desr.) Ramamoorthy

 
  • Family : ANACARDIACEAE
    (CASHEW or MANGO or SUMAC FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Anacardiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Buchanania axillaris (Desr.) Ramamoorthy
  • Common name : Cuddapah Almond
  • Vernacular name : Yemme murukalu gida, Maradi mara (Kannada); Kattuma, Kolamaavu, Mudamaa, Sara paruppu, Kola-mavu, Kattuma, Mudama (Tamil); Malamavu (Malayalam); Sarapappu, Chara (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : On hills of deciduous, evergreen forests up to 1000m. The nuts are esteemed rosted and eaten
  • Key identification features : Bark rough deeply fissured, black-brown. Gals freequent on leaves. Drupes obliquely-ovoid, compressed
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district
    • Kerala : Kottayam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district, Salem district, Vellore district, Tiruchirapalli district, Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, Tiruvannamalai district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar 2015. Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of Northern Andhra Pradesh, India. JoTT 7 (8): 7443-7459; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Buchanania axillaris. Downloaded on 14 October 2019.

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