Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa xylocarpa Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Xylia dolabriformis sensu Bedd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Xylia xylocarpa (Roxb.) Taub.
  • Common name : Burma Iron-wood
  • Vernacular name : Suria, Jambu, Tangan (Hindi); Jambe (Kannada); Itul (Tamil); Konda tangedu, Eravalu, Errachenna mangi, Konda chinta, Thangini (Telugu); Kongra, Tangan, Boja, Tangini, Bankhira, Kat sialhi, Dhamoni (Oria); Irul, Irulpool, Irumullu, Kadamaram, Pangal (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Associated with sal forests, moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Frequent in Northern Eastern Ghats
  • Flower, Fruit : February-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district, West Godavari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Koraput district, Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district
  • World Distribution : India, Myanmar, Malesia, Indo-China, Philippines
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Xylia xylocarpa. Downloaded on 13 December 2019.

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