Anacardium occidentale L.

 
  • Family : ANACARDIACEAE
    (CASHEW or MANGO or SUMAC FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Anacardiaceae
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Anacardium occidentale L.
  • Common name : Cashew-nut Tree, Cashew Apple
  • Vernacular name : Kaju, Kaju phed (Hindi); Geru (Kannada); Jidimamidi, Muntha-mamidi, Mokka-mamidi (Telugu); Kaju, Lanka amba, Bajan, Lanka badam (Oria); Kajoo (Sanskrit); Kasumavu, Kappamavu, Parangimavu (Malayalam); Munthiri (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated for its edible fruits. Sometimes as an escape. The nut shell yields oil that is insecticidal.
  • Flower, Fruit : December-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Cultivated
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Tamil Nadu : Cultivated
  • Native : Tropical America
  • World Distribution : Widely cultivated in Tropics of the World
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Anacardium occidentale. Downloaded on 14 October 2019.

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