Entada pusaetha DC.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Synonym(s) : Entada rheedii Spreng.; Entada scandens Benth.; Mimosa entada L.; Entada monostachya DC.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Entada rheedii Spreng.
  • Common name : Calling Card Vine, Elephant Creeper, Garbee bean, Maekey bean
  • Vernacular name : Gila, Chian (Hindi); Yanaikolinchi, Cillu, Vattavalli, Irikki, Samudrapuliyam (Tamil); Gilatige, Peddamadupu, Tikkatiyyu, Tikkativva (Telugu); Giredi, Osta, Arsi, Asta, Barogilo, Hanuman mara, Gila, Gilo (Oria); Ahakkatlo, Kakkavalli, Kukkumkai, Paranda, Paranda-ka-valli, Perunkakkavalli, Thellikody (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Semi-Evergreen forests along sides of rivers and streams
  • Comments / notes : On hills above 1000m in moist deciduous to semi-evergreen forests.
  • Key identification features : A gigantic woody climber with branched tendrils; flowers very small on axillary spike; pod huge flat up to 2 m long; seeds discoid, hard, 10 cm across.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-September
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Kadapa district, Prakasam district, Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Krishna district, Chittoor district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Bargarh district, Puri district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district, Dindigul district, Madurai district, Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, Salem district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : Tropical Africa, Sri Lanka, India, China, Malesia to Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District, Karnataka; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri district; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg district; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Entada pusaetha. Downloaded on 12 December 2019.

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