Archidendron monadelphum (Roxb.) Nielsen

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa bigemina L.
  • Synonym(s) : Archidendron bigeminum (L.) I.C.Nielsen; Mimosa bigemina (L.) Neilson; Pithecellobium bigeminum (L.) Mart.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Archidendron bigeminum (L.)I.C.Nielsen
  • Vernacular name : Kaadu konde mara (Kannada); Kattukonna, Muthakolappan, Pannivaka, Varikiri, Atthaperantha (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Frequent in semi-evergreen to wet deciduous forests of Western Ghats.
  • Key identification features : An unarmed tree, leaves bipinnate, petiole 3-4 cm long with gland above the middle, pinnae 1-2 pairs, up to 15 cm long, glands between all leaflets, leaflets 3-4 pairs, 15cm long, 5 cm broad, flowers white, pod circinate, brown outside, orange red within
  • Flower, Fruit : January-July
  • Collector(s) Name : T.P.Ramamoorthy; T.P.Ramamoorthy & K.N.Gandhi
  • Collection Nos : KFP 6584, KFP 6850, HFP 248, HFP 2671
  • Collection Locality : Shiradi border (Hassan)
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Malayan Archipelago, Philippines (Nayar 2006), S.W.India, E.Himalayas (Saldanha 1984)
  • World Distribution : India, Eastern Himalayas, Myanmar and Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Archidendron monadelphum. Downloaded on 7 December 2019.

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