Acacia pennata (L.) Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BABOOL FAMILY (बबूल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa pennata L.
  • Synonym(s) : Acacia canescens Graham ex Gamble; Acacia pennata Willd. var. canescens (Graham ex Gamble) Baker in Hook.f.; Acacia pennata (L.) Willd. var. heyneana Benth; Acacia grahamii Vajr.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia pennata (L.) Willd.
  • Common name : Rusty Mimosa
  • Vernacular name : Biswal, Aila (Hindi); Kaadu seege balli (Kannada); Vellai indu (Tamil); Karusikaya, Mullugorintha (Telugu); Dantari, Nali konti, Duntari (Oria); Valli khadira (Sanskrit); Kakkinja, Kareencha, Kattusinikka, Karinja, Peincha (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climbing shrub
  • Habitat : Mixed forests and moist deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : In foothills to 1200m. A ready colonizer.
  • Key identification features : Prickles stout
  • Flower, Fruit : May-February
  • Collection Locality : Bhubaneswar, Khurda district
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Kurnool district, Vishakapatnam district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Chikkamagaluru district, Davanagare district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • Native : Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanamar.
  • World Distribution : Paleotropics
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Parthsarathy, N & Muthumperumal, C 2009. Check List 5(1): 092-111; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Saldanha, 1984; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia pennata. Downloaded on 2 June 2020.

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