Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile

  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BABOOL FAMILY (बबूल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa nilotica L.
  • Synonym(s) : Acacia arabica Hook.f. non (Lam.) Willd. 1808.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia nilotica (L.) Delile
  • Common name : Babul tree, Black babool, Indian gum arabic tree
  • Vernacular name : Babul, Jali, Karijali (Hindi); Gobbalimara (Kannada); Karivelum, Karuvelakam, Babool (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Introduced and planted
  • Comments / notes : Common in most of the Northern Karnataka and sometimes also planted for its timber and 'gum arabic'. Bark and pods also used for tanning.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-October
  • Distribution :
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Idukki district, Alappuzha district
  • World Distribution : North India to North Africa through West Asia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. nilotica. Downloaded on 20 April 2021.

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