Albizia amara (Roxb.) Boivin

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa amara Roxb.
  • Synonym(s) : Acacia amara (Roxb.) Willd.; Acacia wightii Graham ex Wight & Arn.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Albizia amara (Roxb.) B.Boivin
  • Common name : Oil cake tree
  • Vernacular name : Unjal (Hindi); Chigare, Tugli mara (Kannada); Usilai, Wunja (Tamil); Nallrange, Chikreni (Telugu); Chalavagai, Nenmenivaka, Oonjal, Varacchi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : A dominant tree at the foothills and lower hills from 500-1200m.
  • Key identification features : Deciduous, Moderate-sized tree
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Kadapa district, Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Anantapur district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Odisha : Common in forests
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district, Tiruchirapalli district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Tropical Africa
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar 2015. Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of Northern Andhra Pradesh, India. JoTT 7 (8): 7443-7459; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Saldanha, 1984; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore; Rao & Razi, 1981 – Flora of Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 – Flora of Coorg; Manjunath et al., 2003 – Flora of Davanagere.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Albizia amara. Downloaded on 24 August 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.