Acacia eburnea (L.f.) Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BABOOL FAMILY (बबूल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa eburnea L.f.
  • Synonym(s) : Acacia campbellii Arn.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia eburnea (L.f.) Willd.
  • Common name : Black Babool
  • Vernacular name : Pika jali (Kannada); Chillodai, Udaivel (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : In plains to scrub jungles.
  • Key identification features : Thorny tree, with comparatively large leaves. Stipular thorns large, ivory white, often hallow. Young branches pubescent, stipular spines prominent; gland just below the first pair of pinna. Flower heads in racemes. Pods thin, flat, curved in a hook, glabrous 5 - 10 seeded.
  • Flower, Fruit : October-April
  • Collector(s) Name : S.B.Manohar & S.R.Ramesh
  • Collection Nos : KFP 5840, KFP 5946
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kadapa district
    • Karnataka : Chamarajanagar district, Ballari district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Chitradurga district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Mysuru district, Raichur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Arabia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha, 1984; N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia eburnea. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.

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