Acacia eburnea (L.f.) Willd.

  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (Pea Or Bean Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : BABOOL FAMILY (बबूल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : LEGUMINOSAE
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa eburnea L.f.
  • Synonym(s) : Acacia campbellii Arn.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia eburnea (L.f.) Willd.
  • Common name : Black Babool
  • Vernacular name : Pika jali (Kannada); Chillodai, Udaivel (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments / notes : In plains to scrub jungles.
  • Key identification features : Thorny tree, with comparatively large leaves. Stipular thorns large, ivory white, often hallow. Young branches pubescent, stipular spines prominent; gland just below the first pair of pinna. Flower heads in racemes. Pods thin, flat, curved in a hook, glabrous 5 - 10 seeded.
  • Flower, Fruit : October-April
  • Collector(s) Name : S.B.Manohar & S.R.Ramesh
  • Collection Nos : KFP 5840, KFP 5946
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kadapa district
    • Karnataka : Chamarajanagar district, Ballari district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Chitradurga district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Mysuru district, Raichur district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Arabia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha, 1984; N.P.Singh, 1988- Flora of Eastern Karnataka
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. eburnea. Downloaded on 22 April 2021.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Image(s)


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at