Acacia polyacantha Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Synonym(s) : Mimosa suma Roxb.; Acacia suma (Roxb.) Buch.-Ham. ex J. Voigt
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia polyacantha Willd.
  • Common name : White Cutch tree, White catechu
  • Vernacular name : Swetakhair (Hindi); Muguli (Kannada); Kovaalai mullu maram (Tamil); Tellachandra, Tellasundra (Telugu); Gonhareu, Somi (Oria); Kadarah (Sanskrit); Sonkhairi (Marathi); Venkaringali, Somarayatholi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : In foothills to 900m. Bark used for tannin
  • Key identification features : Bark white or greyish smooth peeling off in small papery flaks, marked at intervels by horizontal patches of darker colour; flowers white
  • Flower, Fruit : February-October
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Kolar district, Belagavi district, Bidar district, Chitradurga district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Palakkad district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Puri district, Kalhandi district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district, Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Tiruvannamalai district, Vellore district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Tropical Africa, Madagascar, introduced in Caribbean
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Saldanha, 1984; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia polyacantha. Downloaded on 23 October 2019.

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