Acacia horrida (L.) Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa horrida L.
  • Synonym(s) : Acacia latronum (L.f.) Willd.; Mimosa latronum (L.f.) Willd.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia horrida (L.) Willd.
  • Common name : Robber-thorn tree
  • Vernacular name : Anegobli (Kannada); Seethaimul, Kaarodai, Odasithai, Anaimullu (Tamil); Pakitumma, Akitumma, Kasturi (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests, scrub jungles
  • Comments / notes : Foothills of forests. Tree with Umbrella like crown
  • Key identification features : Armed tree with prominent spines, white large in pairs, often hallow, tenanted by Ants. Bark reddish brown, flowers in spikes. Pods flat curved.
  • Flower, Fruit : July-May
  • Collection Nos : KFP 4208, KFP 5936
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Kadapa district, Anantapur district, Vishakapatnam district, Guntur district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Vijayapura (Bijapur) district, Chitradurga district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Mysuru district, Raichur district, Tumakuru district
    • Kerala : Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Koraput district
    • Tamil Nadu : Tiruchirapalli district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruvannamalai district, Salem district, Namakkal district, Villipuram district
  • Native : Tropical Africa, India, Myanmar
  • World Distribution : Tropical Africa, India, Myanmar. Introduced in South America
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia horrida. Downloaded on 5 December 2019.

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