Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa farnesiana L.
  • Synonym(s) : Vachellia farmesiana (L.) Wight & Arn.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.
  • Common name : Fragrant Acacia, Needle Bush
  • Vernacular name : Dei Babul, Bilati Babul, Wilayati Kikar, Deewana babool (Hindi); Kasturi Jali (Kannada); Veddayala (Tamil); Kasturi, Kasturi Tumma (Telugu); Girimeda (Sanskrit); Kapur (Oria)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Planted
  • Comments / notes : In foothills to 900m. Introduced and cultivated as medicinal plant
  • Key identification features : A thorny small tree or shrub with fragrant, bright yellow flower heads
  • Flower, Fruit : September-February
  • Collection Locality : On the way to Chandbali, Bhadrak district; Khola, Bhitarkanika, Kendrapara district
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Anantapur district, Kurnool district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Davanagare district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Raichur district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, DP, Mayurbhanj district, Bhadrak district, Kendrapara district
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, Ramanathapuram district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : Tropical America
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Sudhakar Reddy, C et al., 2009. Tree Wealth of Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Saldanha, 1984; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia farnesiana. Downloaded on 17 August 2019.

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