Cyclea peltata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thoms.

 
  • Family : MENISPERMACEAE
    (Moonseed Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GILOY FAMILY (गिलोय फैमिली
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : MENISPERMACEAE
  • Basionym : Menispermum peltatum Lam.
  • Synonym(s) : Cyclea arnottii Miers
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cyclea peltata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson
  • Common name : Pata Root
  • Vernacular name : Path, Pathi (Hindi); Paataala beru, Haade bali, Paadavaliballi (Kannada); Paachi (Tamil); Patha (Sanskrit); Pakar (Marathi); Padakizhangu, Padathali, Padavalli, Pattichevian (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Climber
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous, semi-evergreen and Evergreen forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Occasional. Hills above 800m. Forms galls on the inflorescence, often pollinated by green colour Butterfly.
  • Flower, Fruit : November-June
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy & Sankara Rao; Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy, Navendu Page & K. Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 27-11-2014; 23-03-2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0223; HJCB-0607
  • Collection Locality : Sadasiva Kona RF, Chittoor district (AP); Karadyur, Yercaud, Salem district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Visakhapatnam district (Vishakapatnam district), Sadasivakona, Tirumala Hills (Chittoor district), Sunkari metta (Vishakapatnam district)
    • Karnataka : Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district, Ballari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Ahmednagar district, Mumbai Suburban district, Kolhapur district, Nashik district, Pune district, Raigad district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Coimbatore district, Kanyakumari district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
  • Native : India
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharastra vol 1. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Cyclea peltata. Downloaded on 12 July 2020.

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