Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa catechu L.f.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd.
  • Common name : Black Cutch, Cutch Tree, White kutch
  • Vernacular name : Khair, Khaira (Hindi); Kachhu, Kaggali (Kannada); Othalai, Kasukkoto, Karunkalli (Tamil); Sundra, Khadirim, Nallasundra, Kaviri (Telugu); Khairo (Oria); Karingali, Kadiram, Cutch tree (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Anantapur district, East Godavari district, Kurnool district, Guntur district, Vishakapatnam district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Chitradurga district, Kalaburagi (Gulbarga) district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Wayanad district, Palakkad district, Idukki district
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Koraput district, Angul district, Cuttack district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : South Asia
  • World Distribution : India, Myanmar, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutone, Thailand, China, Taiwan. Introduced in Mauritius
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha, 1984; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia catechu. Downloaded on 7 December 2019.

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