Acacia caesia (L.) Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa caesia L.
  • Synonym(s) : Acacia intsia Willd. var. caesia (L.) Baker; Acacia columnaris Craib.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia caesia (L.) Willd.
  • Common name : Black Catechu, Soap bark
  • Vernacular name : Aila, Nikuncam (Hindi); Kadu seege (Kannada); Kari indu, Karinda (Tamil); Korinta, Kondakorinda, Yerracheeki (Telugu); Dentari (Oria); Nikunjika (Sanskrit); Eenga, Eenja, Incha, Palinja, Velutha-incha (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : River banks, wasteland, scrub jungles and along hill slopes. Foot hills of evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : In plains to 1000m. Common
  • Key identification features : Prickles large; coppery pods turning brown
  • Flower, Fruit : June-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Kadapa district, Chittoor district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, SHM, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Gajapati district, Salur-Koraput Ghat (Koraput district), Mayurbhanj district, Cuttack district, Angul district, Dhenkanal district, Puri district, Ganjam district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha, 1984; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia caesia. Downloaded on 7 December 2019.

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