Acacia caesia (L.) Willd.

 
  • Family : MIMOSACEAE
    (PEA or BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Basionym : Mimosa caesia L.
  • Synonym(s) : Acacia intsia Willd. var. caesia (L.) Baker; Acacia columnaris Craib.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia caesia (L.) Willd.
  • Common name : Black Catechu, Soap bark
  • Vernacular name : Aila, Nikuncam (Hindi); Kadu seege (Kannada); Kari indu, Karinda (Tamil); Korinta, Kondakorinda, Yerracheeki (Telugu); Dentari (Oria); Nikunjika (Sanskrit); Eenga, Eenja, Incha, Palinja, Velutha-incha (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : River banks, wasteland, scrub jungles and along hill slopes. Foot hills of evergreen and semi-Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : In plains to 1000m. Common
  • Key identification features : Prickles large; coppery pods turning brown
  • Flower, Fruit : June-April
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, Kadapa district, Chittoor district, Srikakulam district
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Mysuru district, SHM, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Odisha : Gajapati district, Salur-Koraput Ghat (Koraput district), Mayurbhanj district, Cuttack district, Angul district, Dhenkanal district, Puri district, Ganjam district, Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha, 1984; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Acacia caesia. Downloaded on 23 October 2019.

Botanical Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Image(s)

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Peninsular India by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.