Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr.

 
  • Family : MENISPERMACEAE
    (Moonseed Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GILOY FAMILY (गिलोय फैमिली
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MENISPERMACEAE
  • Basionym : Menispermum fenestratum Gaertn.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Coscinium fenestratum (Goetgh.) Colebr.
  • Common name : False Columba, Tree Turmeric
  • Vernacular name : Darvi, Daruharidra (Sanskrit); Jhaar-i-haldi (Hindi); Maramanjali, Dharuharidra (Kannada); Maramnjal, Marathi, Manjavalli (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen and Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Grows in semi-evergreen and evergreen forests of Western Ghats. Wood yeilds a yellow dye. Decoction of stem and roots are used in native medicine.
  • Flower, Fruit : August-October
  • Collection Nos : H.B.Singh 9046, B.R.Ramesh 1, R.K.Arora 43781, CS
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Ernakulam district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Tamil Nadu : The Nilgiri district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Flora of Karnataka, Saldanha, 1984; Balakrishna Gowda & A.N. Sringesh 2004 – Sringeri (checklist unpublished); Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Coscinium fenestratum. Downloaded on 19 October 2021.

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