Anamirta cocculus (L.) Wight & Arn.

 
  • Family : MENISPERMACEAE
    (Moonseed Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GILOY FAMILY (गिलोय फैमिली
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : MENISPERMACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Anamirta cocculus (L.) Wight & Arn.
  • Common name : Fish Berry, Crow Killer, Levant berries
  • Vernacular name : Kakmari (Hindi); Kakamari, Kagamari, Chippothli (Kannada); Kakamari, Koditige (Telugu); Kalabiti Nai (Oria); Kakadani (Sanskrit); Kakaphal, Kakmari, Vatoli (Marathi); Garaphala, Kaipalathumka, Kollakkaya, Nanchuvalli, Pechuvalli, Pettumarunna, Polla, Pollakai (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Liana
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous, Evergreen forests, also sacred groves in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Rare. Hill forests above 600m
  • Key identification features : Flowers in panicles on old stems
  • Flower, Fruit : August-May
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district
    • Karnataka : Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Kolhapur district, Nashik district, Sindhudurg district
    • Odisha : Gandhamardan Hills (Bargarh district), Berbera (Bolangir district), Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district, Salem district, Tiruvannamalai district, Vellore district, Villipuram district, Dindigul district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruchirapalli district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, Indo-China, Incl. Philippines and Newguinea
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Flora of Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Anamirta cocculus. Downloaded on 6 April 2020.

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