Trichilia connaroides (Wight & Arn.) Bentvelzen

 
  • Family : MELIACEAE
    (Mahogany Or Neem Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : NEEM FAMILY (नीम फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MELIACEAE
  • Basionym : Zanthoxylum connaroides Wight & Arn.
  • Synonym(s) : Heynea affinis A.Juss.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Heynea trijuga Roxb. ex Sims
  • Vernacular name : Kora (Kannada); Karuvilingam, Karaikaruvilingam, Karaibilangee, Karai (Tamil); Raiphal (Oria); Karuvilangam, Korakkadi, Kozhipenali, Kedumbu, Peelimaram, Thirivembu (Malayalam); Garugu (Telugu)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous, evergreen, semi-evergreen and shola forests
  • Comments / notes : Infrequent. On hills up to 1100m.
  • Key identification features : Handsome tree with small fragrant white flowers
  • Flower, Fruit : March-November
  • Collector(s) Name : K. Sankra Rao, Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy & Navendu Page
  • Collection Date : 23/03/2016
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0628
  • Collection Locality : BSI orchidarium, Yercaud Hills, Salem district (TN)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Aurangabad district, Kolhapur district, Pune district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Vellore district, Dharmapuri district, Salem district, Tiruvannamalai district, Coimbatore district, Madurai district, The Nilgiri district, Tirunelveli district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
  • World Distribution : India, Malaysia, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh, China
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Trichilia connaroides. Downloaded on 17 October 2021.

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