Toona ciliata Roemer

 
  • Family : MELIACEAE
    (Mahogany Or Neem Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : NEEM FAMILY (नीम फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MELIACEAE
  • Basionym : Cedrela toona Roxb. ex Rottler
  • Synonym(s) : Toona ciliata var. griffithiana (Pierre) Almeida
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Toona ciliata M.Roem.
  • Common name : Sandal Neem, Toon Tree, Red Cedar, Moulmin Cedar, The Toon Tree, Indian Mahogany Tree, Sandal Neem, Red Cedar, Australian redcendar
  • Vernacular name : Toon, Toon ka ped (Hindi); Ganda garike, Kempu ganda garike (Kannada); Nadi vruksha (Sanskrit); Toon, Toon ka ped (Hindi); Ganda garike, Kempu ganda garike (Kannada); Gaali chettu, Nandi chettu (Telugu); Nadi vruksha (Sanskrit); Santhana vembu, Tunumaram (Tamil); Arana, Thunnam, Vedivembu, Ekana, Chandanavembu, Ikana, Mathagirivembu, Padukaranna, Vembu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-evergreen and Evergreen forests
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on hills above 1200m.
  • Key identification features : Large deciduous and handsome tree
  • Flower, Fruit : March-October
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Kakkupe RF (Ballari district)
    • Kerala : Kannur district, Wayanad district, Malappuram district, Palakkad district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Mumbai-City district, Mumbai Suburban district
    • Odisha : Puri district, Cuttack district, Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district, also planted
    • Tamil Nadu : Coimbatore district, Dharmapuri district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district, Vellore district, Namakkal district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Myanmar, Nepal, Bangladesh, China, Malaysia, Australia, Africa
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Prakasa Rao, J et al (2015). Tree additions to the flora of East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India. JoTT. 7 (12):7953-7957; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Toona ciliata. Downloaded on 19 October 2021.

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