Soymida febrifuga (Roxb.) A.Juss.

 
  • Family : MELIACEAE
    (Mahogany Or Neem Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : NEEM FAMILY (नीम फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MELIACEAE
  • Basionym : Swietenia febrifuga Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Soymida febrifuga (Roxb.) A. Juss.
  • Common name : Indian Mahogany, Indian Redwood
  • Vernacular name : Swami mara, Somee mara (Kannada); Rohini, Sawan, Sohan, Swam (Oria); Rohan (Marathi); Sittathi, Somimaram, Semmaram, Vadamalai chekku (Tamil); Somothi, Sumi, Somi (Telugu); Rohan (Hindi)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Deciduous forests
  • Comments / notes : Frequent in mixed deciduous forests. Tree is drought- and fire resistant. Bark is used as a febrifuge in Diarrhorea, and Dysentery. Wood takes fine polish so used for furniture.
  • Key identification features : Bark bitter, blueish-grey, dark brown or greyish brown, thick, exfoliating in large plates. Sapwood small, whitish
  • Flower, Fruit : February-July
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K.Swamy; Navendu Page, Arun Singh, Raja K. Swamy & K. Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 07-01-2011; 24-02-2016
  • Collection Nos : FAP 41804; HJCB-0465
  • Collection Locality : Mabbuchintalapalle, Kadapa district (AP); Chandaka WLS, Khurda district (OD)
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kurnool district, Chittoor district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, East Godavari district, Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Ballari district, Dakshina Kannada district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Shivamogga district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district
    • Odisha : Puri district, Angul district, Gajapati district, Ganjam district, Mayurbhanj district
    • Tamil Nadu : Dharmapuri district, Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Ramanathapuram district, Tiruchirapalli district, Salem district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Soymida febrifuga. Downloaded on 17 October 2021.

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