Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.) Parker

 
  • Family : MELIACEAE
    (Mahogany Or Neem Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : NEEM FAMILY (नीम फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : MELIACEAE
  • Basionym : Aglaia polystachya Wall.
  • Synonym(s) : Amoora rohituka (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.; Andersonia rohituka Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.) R.Parker
  • Common name : Pithraj Tree, Rohituka Tree
  • Vernacular name : Harin hana (Hindi); Mullu muthala, Rohithaca (Kannada); Malampulavu, Pechambagai, Vellai kongu, Melampuluvam (Tamil); Chawa-manu (Telugu); Mangai, Khanda Gilakusum, Panikusum (Oria); Rohitakah (Sanskrit); Chemmaram, Karakil (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Evergreen, semi-evergreen and shola forests, also in sacred groves
  • Comments / notes : Occasional in evergreen forests and sometimes grown for its valuable timber.
  • Flower, Fruit : January-October
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Ganjam district, Puri district
    • Tamil Nadu : Salem district, Namakkal district, Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Salem district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district
  • World Distribution : India, Malesia, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Philippines, Pakistan, Nepal
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan district; Saldanha, C.J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri; Rao & Razi, 1981 -Flora of Mysore; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Aphanamixis polystachya. Downloaded on 6 April 2020.

Botanical Description

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