Aglaia elaeagnoidea (A.Juss.) Benth.

 
  • Family : MELIACEAE
    (Mahogany Or Neem Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : NEEM FAMILY (नीम फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : MELIACEAE
  • Basionym : Nemedra elaeagnoidea A.Juss.
  • Synonym(s) : Aglaia roxburghiana (Wight & Arn.) Miq.; Milnea roxburghiana Wight & Arn.; Aglaia elaeagnoidea var. Courtallensis (Gamble) Nair
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Aglaia elaeagnoidea (A.Juss.)Benth.
  • Common name : Chakoola Tree
  • Vernacular name : Priyangu (Hindi); Thottulu (Kannada); Erra aduga (Telugu); Chokkala (Tamil); Gandhaphala (Sanskrit); Punyava (Malayalam); Chokkala (Tamil)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Semi-Evergreen forests, sacred groves in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Infrequent
  • Key identification features : Tree, leaflets small, usually 5
  • Flower, Fruit : November-August
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Vishakapatnam district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district
    • Karnataka : Hassan district, Kodagu (Coorg) district, Uttara Kannada district, Belagavi district, Ballari district, Chikkamagaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Shivamogga district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Ratnagiri district, Sindhudurg district, Kolhapur district
    • Odisha : Khurda district, Kalhandi district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kanchipuram (Changalpattu-CGP) district, Coimbatore district, The Nilgiri district, Tiruchirapalli district, Tirunelveli district, Theni district, Vellore district, Tiruvannamalai district, Dharmapuri district, Kanyakumari district, Tirunelveli district, Salem district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : Indo-Malesia to Pacific Islands
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Ravichandran, V. 2016. Taxonomic and Phytogeographical investigation on endemic plants of Western Ghats with special reference to Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary of Tamil Nadu (Ph.D. thesis work); Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 – Flora of Hassan District; Saldanha, C. J. (1996). Flora of Karnataka vol. 2. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Gowda, 2004 – Flora of Sringeri District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 – Flora of Udupi District; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharastra vol 1. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India; M.R. Almeida (1996). Flora of Maharashtra vol.1; Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Aglaia elaeagnoidea. Downloaded on 6 April 2020.

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