Azadirachta indica A.Juss.

 
  • Family : MELIACEAE
    (MAHOGANY or NEEM FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Meliaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Melia azadirachta L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Azadirachta indica A.Juss.
  • Common name : The Neem Tree, Margosa, Indian lilac, Neem, Nimbay, Pichumarda
  • Vernacular name : Neem (Hindi); Bevu mara, Bevina mara (Kannada); Veppa maram (Tamil); Yapa, Vepa (Telugu); Limba (Oria); Nimba (Sanskrit); Neem, Nim, Nimb (Marathi); Ariyaveppu, Ayurveppu, Kaippanveppu, Nimbam, Veppu (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous forests, gardens, roadsides
  • Comments / notes : Often planted as a sacred tree around places of worship and sometimes in avenues.
  • Flower, Fruit : March-September
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Throughout Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : All districts of Karnataka
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Throughout Odisha
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : India, China
  • World Distribution : Tropical Asia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Azadirachta indica. Downloaded on 7 December 2019.

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