Memecylon umbellatum N. Burman

 
  • Family : MELASTOMATACEAE
    (Melastoma Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : ANJAN FAMILY (अंजन फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MELASTOMATACEAE
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved name
  • Common name : Iron-wood tree
  • Vernacular name : Mundi, Alle, Archara (Kannada); Kayambu (Tamil); Alli, Midalli, Kukkalli, Uddalalli, Peddalli (Telugu); Niresh, Niras, Naresho, Bonohorono, Dalsundaro, Paikiri (Oria); Anakkayavu, Anjanamaram, Kanali, Kalayam, Kannavu, Kayampoomaram, Kasavu, Netunjetti (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Tree
  • Habitat : Along rocks in ravines and slopes of semi-Evergreen forests, also in sholas
  • Comments / notes : Small tree. Occasional on plains to 1000m.
  • Flower, Fruit : February-September
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Chittoor district, Kurnool district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Odisha : Cuttack district, Mayurbhanj district, Ganjam district, Angul district, Kalhandi district, Keonjhar district
    • Tamil Nadu : Namakkal district
  • Native : India
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Memecylon umbellatum. Downloaded on 19 October 2021.

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