Sida cordata (Burm.f.) Borssum

 
  • Family : MALVACEAE
    (Mallow Or Hibiscus Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GURHAL FAMILY (गुड़हल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MALVACEAE
  • Basionym : Melochia cordata Burm.f.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Sida cordata (Burm.f.) Borss.Waalk.
  • Common name : Heart-leaved Sida
  • Vernacular name : Bananiyar, Bhiundi, Bonaniyar (Hindi); Bekkinatale gida (Kannada); Gayaputaku (Telugu); Palampasi (Tamil); Bajramuli, Veshkapri, Kapri, Bisiripi (Oria); Nagabala, Bhoomibala (Sanskrit); Palkurunthotti, Valli kuruntotti (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous and scrub forests, also in wasteland
  • Comments / notes : Common in disturbed forests, along wayside and in forest clearings. Plains, from the coast to 900m. Flowers open by 9 am.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-April
  • Collector(s) Name : Raja K. Swamy
  • Collection Date : 02-01-2016; 13-12-2014
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-304; HJCB-E-215
  • Collection Locality : Batrepalli, Nigidi forest, Anantapur district (AP)
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Dakshina Kannada district, Udupi district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : Akola district, Nagpur district, Yavatmal district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : Pantropical
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Sida cordata. Downloaded on 28 October 2021.

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