Crinum viviparum (Lam.) R.Ansari & V.J.Nair

 
  • Family : AMARYLLIDACEAE
    (AMARYLLIS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Amaryllidaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Crinum defixum Ker Gawl.; Crinum viviparum var. ensifolium (Roxb.) R.Ansari & V.J.Nair
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Crinum viviparum (Lam.) R.Ansari & V.J.Nair
  • Vernacular name : Sudarshana (Sanskrit); Chindar, Pindar (Hindi); Visha munguli, Nagadali (Kannada); Vishamungil (Tamil); Sudarshan, Vishamandala (Sanskrit); Kondai (Oria), Kesari chettu (Telugu)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : Along muddy banks of rivers and often immersed
  • Comments / notes : Frequent along backwaters and streams.
  • Flower, Fruit : June-January
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : East Godavari district, WE, Kurnool district, Anantapur district, Krishna district, Chittoor district
    • Telangana : Nizamabad district, Medak district
    • Karnataka : Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district, Kodagu (Coorg) district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Wayanad district, Kozhikode district, Alappuzha district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district, Amravati district, Bhandara district, Chandrapur district, Nashik district, Osmanabad district, Pune district, Ratnagiri district, Satara district, Sindhudurg district, Thane district, Yavatmal district
    • Odisha : Mayurbhanj district, Sambalpur district, Puri district, Cuttack district, Kalhandi district, Kendrapara district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : Thanjavur district, Dharmapuri district
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Literature : Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Flora of Coorg district, Karnataka state; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Raja Kullayiswamy, Sandhya Rani, Sadasivaiah & Pullaiah (2017). Flora of Thummalapalle Uranium Mining Area, Andhra Pradesh, India. Regency Publications.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Crinum viviparum. Downloaded on 23 August 2019.

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