Hibiscus vitifolius L.

 
  • Family : MALVACEAE
    (Mallow Or Hibiscus Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GURHAL FAMILY (गुड़हल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MALVACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Fioria vitifolia (L.) Mattei
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Hibiscus vitifolius L.
  • Common name : Grape Leaved Mallow
  • Vernacular name : Mani tutthi balli (Kannada); Manjal thutthi (Tamil); Karupathi (Telugu); Van-Kapus (Marathi); Kattuvelluram, Vellai-ooral (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Dry deciduous and semi-Evergreen forests, also in the plains
  • Comments / notes : Occurs by arable lands, canal banks, wastelands and also in dry deciduous forests
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : All districts of Andhra Pradesh
    • Karnataka : Bengaluru district, Belagavi district, Dakshina Kannada district, Kolar district, Mysuru district, Raichur district, Udupi district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : All districts of Kerala
    • Maharashtra : All districts of Maharashtra
    • Odisha : Kendrapara district, Kalhandi district, Angul district, Ganjam district
    • Tamil Nadu : All districts of Tamil Nadu
  • World Distribution : India, Africa, Sri Lanka, Australia, Malesia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; Cecil J. Saldanha, S. R. Ramesh (1984). Flora of Karnataka State vol. 1. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co, New Delhi; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 – Flora of Bangalore District; Rao & Razi, 1981 – A Synoptic Flora of Mysore District; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Hibiscus vitifolius. Downloaded on 17 October 2021.

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