Gossypium barbadense L.

 
  • Family : MALVACEAE
    (Mallow Or Hibiscus Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GURHAL FAMILY (गुड़हल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MALVACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Hibiscus barbadensia (L.) O. Ktze.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Gossypium barbadense L.
  • Common name : Sea Island Cotton, Egyptian Cotton, Brazilian Cotton, Peruvian Cotton, Kidney Cotton, Cotton
  • Vernacular name : Paruthi, Seemaiparuthi (Tamil); Panjhi, Paruthi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Cultivated as an ornament and for its cotton, often self-sown.
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the year
  • Native : South America. Introduced elsewhere
  • World Distribution : Cultivated in Tropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipahar (Similipal), Orissa; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gossypium barbadense. Downloaded on 28 October 2021.

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