Gossypium arboreum L.

 
  • Family : MALVACEAE
    (Mallow Or Hibiscus Family)
  • Family (Hindi name) : GURHAL FAMILY (गुड़हल फैमिली)
  • Family (as per The APG System III) : MALVACEAE
  • Synonym(s) : Gossypium arboreum var. wightianum (Tod.) M.R.Almeida
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Gossypium arboreum L.
  • Common name : Cotton plant, Tree Cotton
  • Vernacular name : Kapas, Diyokapas, Ruii, Tula (Hindi); Karpasamu, Peddapatti (Telugu); Paruthi, Sembaruthi (Tamil); Khariya kapa, Desi kapas, Kopa, Karpousso (Oria); Raksatika (Sanskrit); Deva-kapas, Narma (Marathi); Kattuparuthi, Muripparutthi, Chemparuthi (Malayalam)
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Habitat : Cultivated
  • Comments / notes : Self-sown, often cultivated as an ornament and for its cotton.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-February
  • World Distribution : Paleotropics
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Ravichandran, V. 2016. Taxonomic and Phytogeographical investigation on endemic plants of Western Ghats with special reference to Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary of Tamil Nadu (Ph.D. thesis work)
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Gossypium arboreum. Downloaded on 19 October 2021.

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