Crinum asiaticum L.

 
  • Family : AMARYLLIDACEAE
    (AMARYLLIS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Amaryllidaceae
  • Synonym(s) : Crinum toxicarium Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Crinum asiaticum L.
  • Common name : Poison bulb
  • Vernacular name : Chindar, Pindar, Kanval, Hatikanda (Hindi); Visha munguli, Nagadali (Kannada); Vishamungil (Tamil); Sudarshan, Vishamandala (Sanskrit); Nagdaun (Marathi); Puzhatthali (Malayalam); Arsa (Oria); Visha mungali, Kesar chettu (Telugu)
  • Habit : Herb
  • Habitat : On the sandy grounds fronting the sea in deltaic forests
  • Comments / notes : Often on hills above 500m on the slopes; Sandy coasts; Wet places in deciduous forests
  • Flower, Fruit : March-August
  • Distribution :
    • Andhra Pradesh : Kadapa district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Vizianagaram district, Anantapur district
    • Karnataka : Kolar district, Bengaluru district, Hassan district, Mysuru district, Tumakuru district, Udupi district, Dakshina Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Thrissur district, Kottayam district, Kollam district
    • Maharashtra : Ahmednagar district, Mumbai Suburban district, Mumbai-City district, Osmanabad district, Pune district, Satara district, Thane district, Yavatmal district
    • Odisha : Kendrapara district, Cuttack district, also cultivated in gardens
    • Tamil Nadu : All hills of Tamil Nadu
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka, Java
  • World Distribution : South India, Sri Lanka, Java
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; B. D. Sharma, S. Karthikeyan & N. P. Singh 1996 - Flora of Maharashtra state - Monocotyledons; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Flora of Bangalore district, Karnataka state; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Bhaskar & Kushalappa, 2013- Flora of Tumkur District; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Crinum asiaticum. Downloaded on 6 December 2019.

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Based on a work at http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ernet.in.