Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik.

 
  • Family : MALVACEAE
    (MALLOW or HIBISCUS FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Malvaceae
  • Basionym : Hibiscus manihot L.
  • Synonym(s) : Abelmoschus manihot subsp. manihot
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Abelmoschus manihot (L.) Medik.
  • Common name : Edible Hibiscus
  • Vernacular name : Jungli Bhendi (Hindi); Kaadu Bendekaai (Kannada); Ram-bhendi (Marathi)
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous forests, road sides and wasteland
  • Comments / notes : Occasional on hilly slopes. Cultivated as vegetable mainly in Southeast Asia.
  • Flower, Fruit : September-February
  • Distribution :
    • Karnataka : Chikkamagaluru district, Hassan district, Shivamogga district, Uttara Kannada district
    • Kerala : Kasaragod district, Kannur district, Kozhikode district, Malappuram district, Thrissur district, Idukki district, Kottayam district, Pathanamthitta district, Kollam district, Thiruvananthapuram district
    • Maharashtra : Akola district, Nagpur district, Mumbai Suburban district, Bhandara district, Buldhana district, Chandrapur district, Dhule district, Nashik district, Osmanabad district, Raigad district, Ratnagiri district, Pune district
    • Odisha : Khurda district
    • Tamil Nadu : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Tirunelveli district, Villipuram district, Cuddalore district
  • World Distribution : India to Southeast Asia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983; Henry, Kumari & Chithra (1983). Flora of Tamil Nadu, India vol. 1; Sasidharan, N. 2011. Flowering plants of Kerala. DVD, V 2, KFRI; N.P. Sing & S. Karthikeyan 2000. Flora of Maharastra vol 1. Botanical survey of India, Govt. India; Kamble & Pradhan, 1988. Flora of Akola District, Maharashtra. Botanical Survey of India; Sharma B.D, 1984 - Flora of Karnataka Analysis.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Raja K Swamy, Deepak Kumar, Arun Singh R. and K. Gopalakrishna Bhat (2019). Flora of Peninsular India. http://peninsula.ces.iisc.ac.in/plants.php?name=Abelmoschus manihot. Downloaded on 24 August 2019.

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